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Name of a concept, e.g. a country. In contrast to a label, the name does not depend on a given context, e.g. a country-specific language.
Official name 
The official name of a concept, e.g. the fullname of a country.
Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Local language name 
Name of a country in the main local language of the country.
Country code 
A two letter code which defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest according to the ISO standard 3166-1.
Located in 
Property to define a geographic inclusion of one concept (e.g. a country) in another continent.
UN status 
Status which is assigned by the United Nations to a country. These status are defined in the ISO 3166 standard managed by the International Organization for Standardization.
member state
Official language 
The offical langauge of a country.
Language code 
Two-letter code for languages according to ISO standard ISO 639-1.
Defines a synonym of a given term.
Create or edit a legal form:


The following table shows legal forms that are valid for companies in Germany.
Legal formAbbreviationsDescription
Corporation that is limited by shares, i.e., owned by shareholders, and may be traded on a stock market.
BeGMunicipal undertaking
e.G.A cooperative (coop) or co-operative (co-op) is an autonomous association of persons who voluntarily cooperate for their mutual, social, economic, and cultural benefit.
GRegional Authority
A cooperative (coop) or co-operative (co-op) is an autonomous association of persons who voluntarily cooperate for their mutual, social, economic, and cultural benefit.
GbRNo minimum capital, unlimited liability of partners, non-business or small-business activities only
GmbH & Co. KG
GmbH und Co. KG
GmbH & Co. KGaA
GmbH & Co.KG
GmbH & C
GmbH & Co
GmbH & Co. OG
Gmbh & Cie KG
GmbH + Co KG
GmbH + Co. KG
Is a special form of Kommanditgesellschaft
GmbHA private company limited by shares, usually called a private limited company (Ltd.), is a type of company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, Scotland, that of certain Commonwealth countries and the Republic of Ireland. It has shareholders with limited liability and its shares may not be offered to the general public, unlike those of a public limited company.
InnengesellschaftAnonymous partnership.
InvAGCompany limited by shares, like a Plc.
JPahRLegal entity under old Hamburg law
AG & Co. KG
AG & Co. KGaA
SE & Co. KG
SE & Co. KGaA
AG & Co KG
AG & Co.KG
AG & Co. oHG
AG & Co.K
A limited partnership is a form of partnership similar to a general partnership, except that in addition to one or more general partners (GPs), there are one or more limited partners (LPs). It is a partnership in which only one partner is required to be a general partner. KGaA: a special type of Kommanditgesellschaft in which the general partner is an Aktiengesellschaft.
KGaA mbH
Publicly traded partnership.
K. d. ö. R.
K. ö. R
OHGGeneral Partnership with legal personality.
PartenreedereiA form of combined and continued ownership of a single merchant vessel.
PartA partnership (DE Partnerschaft) is a German legal form for joint businesses of self-employed partners, e.g. physicians, architects, artists, engineers, journalists, lawyers, or scientists.
PartGProfessional (service) partnership.
PartG mbB
Partner mbB
Part mbB
A partnership with limited liabilty (DE Partnerschaftsgesellschaft mit beschränkter Berufshaftung) is a partnership variant in German law, similar to Limited Liability Partnership, which allows to limit the personal liability of self-employed partners, primarly used by lawers, tax consultants, and accountants.
PPrivate individual
SoOEOther non-profit organisation
SPöROther public legal form
SnPOther association of individuals without legal capacity
SpRPrivate foundation
SöRPublic foundation
U.G.Similar to a Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung, but smaller capital stock required.
UG (haftungsbeschränkt)Private limited company, like a Ltd.
VVaGMutual insurance company
WuRReligious community
wVRegistered association by charter
ZweckVCorporation established under public law
e. K.
e. V.
Voluntary association or union is a group of individuals who enter into an agreement as volunteers to form a body (or organization) to accomplish a purpose.

More details on rules and formats for banking data in Germany: Bank account (DE)

National bank ID name 
Local name of the national bank ID.
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National bank ID provider 
The provider (national authorities in most cases) of the national bank ID.
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Country currency 
Currency code for used for accounting in the given country.
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Maximum BBAN length 
Maximum number of characters of the Basic Bank Account Number (BBAN). For IBAN system, the BBAN must be of a fixed length for the country and comprise case-insensitive alphanumeric characters. It includes the domestic bank account number, branch identifier, and potential routing information. Each country can have a different national routing/account numbering system, up to a maximum of 30 alphanumeric characters.
IBAN country 
Specifies whether a country uses the SWIFT IBAN system or not.
IBAN country code  {{Expansion depth limit exceeded}}
IBAN length 
Number of characters of the IBAN of a given Country.
IBAN check digit length 
Number of characters at the end of an IBAN of a given Country that are used as checksum.
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IdentifierTechnical keyDescription
Business Registration Number (Germany)DE_BNUMIn the establishment phase of a company - and prior to assumption of commercial activities - a company only has to be registered in the public commercial register (Handelsregister) and the local trade office (Gewerbe-/Ordnungsamt). The registration creates transparency and also offers companies the highest level of security in their day-to-day business activities.

The commercial register (Handelsregister) provides information about all relevant relationships between merchants and commercial companies. The information is public and can be viewed by other companies. The commercial register contains information about:

The company of the business The name of the partner(s) and/or the personally liable partner(s) The managing director or the executive of corporations The capital stock of companies Liability limitations of partners The issuing and revoking of the power of attorney The opening of insolvency proceedings The dissolving and ending of a company

Companies Required to Register Companies required to register are those which carry out a commercial business operation. This is determined by criteria such as the use of commercial accounting, annual turnover, capital resources and total number of employees. As a rule, all status relevant actions of companies are subject to registration. Small businesses, civil partnerships (GbRs), freelancers and dependent branch offices do not have to be registered in the commercial register.

Registration Procedure

A a rule, with types of company in which the entry in the commercial register is part of the act of establishment, the possible limitation of liability of the parnter(s) is only effective subsequent to the time of the entry in the commercial register. If business is carried out prior ro this point in time, partners can be liable for any losses of the company with their private assets (especially the case with corporations).
European value added tax identifier (Germany)EU_VAT_ID_DEEuropean value added tax identifier of Germany.
Tax identification number (Germany)DE_TAX_IDUnique identifier that is assigned by German fiscal authorities to each German citizen and each business which operates in Germany. See German Wikipedia for more information. The Steuernummer is different to the German Umsatzsteuer-Identifikationsnummer which is assigned for value added tax purposes and which is regulated by the European Union.